How Location Based Charging (LBC) Can Be Effective?

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Our Telecom industry has gone through different stages over the course of time. A decade ago, telecom industry was nurturing towards consolidation and today it has achieved something that might’ve not been aspired at the start of GSM operations in our country.

Reaching subscriber count of 100 million is a milestone in itself and regulatory authority in close collaboration with Telecom service providers has always been striving to offer valued services to mobile phone users of the country.

Today, telecom service providers are braced with different challenges than what they were facing at the launch of operations. The prime focus of every telecom service provider is to capture new subscribers and retain their existing customers by providing them attractive offers every now and then.

To accomplish their aim, telecom operators have been providing their customers diverse set of options and services. Whether it’s MNP, call & SMS packages, data packages, happy hours, late night offers, re-activation of old un-used SIMs or any other offer, telecom operators have exploited every single opportunity they can to outperform in their regime.

While in current scenario, there might not be much room available for operators to offer something more appealing like afore-mentioned services, unless and until 3G services are launched, yet they’re ready to take the lead in presenting every possible service they find compatible with the market conditions.

In pursuit of their aim, some of our telecom operators have now shifted their focus towards Location Based Charging (LBC) services while others are likely to follow suit sooner or later.

What’s Location Based Charging (LBC):

So, what’s Location Based Charging or LBC after all?

By definition; Location Based Charging (LBC) is a service in which a special charge (tariff value) is applied to the subscriber whenever he utilizes network services (calls, SMS, data usage) from a specific cluster of GSM cells.

On the contrary, there’s also the concept of Home Zone Billing (HZB) in which subscribers have the provision of selecting specific cell clusters as home zone and all the network activities from that zone will be charged at different rates than other locations.

In LBC, subscribers don’t have the provision of selecting the area as it’s already defined by the operator and ideally it’s a non-subscription based service. Since we don’t have the concept of HZB in our GSM networks yet so focus will be on different scenarios where LBC can be useful.

LBC at Under-Utilized Network Areas:

LBC service can be offered by network operators to the subscribers of their under-utilized network area. Daily traffic trend can be analyzed by network operators to identify under-utilized areas of their networks and LBC services can then be launched in those areas.

It’ll encourage subscribers to perform network activities more often and will also be helpful for the operators to maintain healthy traffic thus making it possible to effectively utilize their network resources.

Likewise, LBC service can be offered at under-developed or developing areas of country in order to provide affordable telecom services to the residents, and hence the higher ARPUs.

LBC at Educational Institutions:

For students; who’re very cost-conscious and limited by budget, LBC service can offer great value for their money. Campuses of colleges/universities can have discounted rates offered by operators which will encourage students to make calls on regular basis. Affordable SMS packages combined with LBC can serve as useful combination for students.

LBC at Business Centers:

Established business markets can be a source of revenue generation for operators provided that they offer LBC service in those areas. Business areas such as stock exchange markets, electronics & computer markets and similar sort of business centers can attract customers for both the markets as well as telecom operators.

Similarly, LBC can also be useful for developing markets and new business areas since discounted call rates during business hours will not only ensure healthy traffic trends for operators but also can be the important factor for business operations. Shopping malls can also be the place to offer discounted call rates to consumers as it’s potentially a revenue generating area.

LBC at Special Events:

Sports events, concerts and festivals etc. are prone to attract more customers than normal days thus LBC service can be deployed in those occasions. Additionally, network capacity can also be enhanced temporarily to provide better services to subscribers at discounted rates.

LBC for Business Customers:

Mostly, LBC would be used for discounted tariff values but it’s not the only case with LBC. If required, operators can set up premium rates at places like five-star hotels and airports where business customers can avail network services but with higher rates than normal and importantly with improved network quality.

This can be particularly useful for business customers if they are offered higher quality EGDE/Internet at premium rates.

Current Scenario & Conclusion:

Ideally, LBC is a non-subscription based service compared to HZB (which is a subscription based service) but current solution offered by our network operators requires subscription for the purpose.

It would’ve been more attractive offer if subscribers would be charged at discounted rates in those areas where LBC is launched and whenever they’re out of that area, normal call charges would be applied based on their package (without any subscriptions).

Moreover, current solution offers subscription only for voice calls while it can be diversified if data and messaging facilities are also offered additionally for the same price. This might seem exciting in theory but we can’t rule out the possible impact it can have on service.

For example, if subscribers of large cities are offered LBC service without any subscription then chances are there’ll be huge amount of traffic resulting in network over-load and deteriorated network quality.

So, a better approach would be to offer subscription based LBC service in densely populated areas while also exploiting above mentioned scenarios wherever feasibility is present.


  • Adeel

    This seems like a step backward in disguise. In simple words, LBC is also what we used to have when we used to pay roaming charges when using celphone outside its home city!

  • milkywayer

    a big NO to this LBC. It’ll make telecom costs higher for end users in congested areas. It’s more like LPC-to-the-customer, pardon my french.