Population Reference Bureau (PRB) has released data which predicts that Pakistan will be the world’s sixth largest country in terms of population by 2050. Pakistan currently holds the same position among the list of most populated countries in the world in 2015.
The published data lists ten countries which will have the greatest increase in population until the year 2050 and Pakistan is expected to grow to 344 million by the mid of the 21st century, up from 199 million at present. The population of the world is expected to reach 9.7 billion by the same time. The current population of the world is estimated to be about 7 billion.
India is expected to grow at a much faster rate and overtake China as the world’s largest nation. India’s population by 2050 is estimated to be 1.66 billion. China is estimated to have a population of 1.37 billion. These two countries are followed by the USA with a population of 398 million.
Estimates suggest Pakistan’s population will be between 300 and 345 million in 2050
Thanks to Nigeria’s high growth rate in population, it is expected to bypass Pakistan, Brazil and Indonesia and become the world’s fourth largest country. Nigeria’s population is expected to be more than doubled by 2050 to 397 million, up from 182 million in 2015.
A similar report was published by the Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations (PDDESAUN). The report stated that half of the world’s population growth is expected to be centered around nine countries. These countries include Congo, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, USA and Uganda. UN report also stated that Pakistan’s population is expected to cross 300 million by 2050.
Huge question marks remain over long term sustainability of economy with the increasing population
The report also mentioned that the highest rate of population growth is seen in Africa which will make the continent hold one-third of the world’s population within 35 years.
While speaking on the subject, Wu Hongbo, UN Under-Secretary-General for Economics and Social Affairs said:
Understanding the demographic changes that are likely to unfold over the coming years, as well as the challenges and opportunities that they present for achieving sustainable development, is key to the design and implementation of the new development agenda.
However, Chief Economist of World Economic Forum, Jennifer Blanke, expressed her concerns on the matter. She questioned how the governments of these countries will manage the increasing populations while building a sustainable economic growth in their respective nations. She added that business, political and civil society members will need to work on the subject together to achieve this goal.