Local University Develops Pakistan’s First Ever Phased Array Radar

Capital University of Science & Technology (CUST), Islamabad has recently conducted a field trial for Pakistan’s first ever Phased Array Radar.

Pioneered under Controls and Signal Processing Research (CASPR) department of CUST, the radar will be used for air surveillance.

Next Step in Radar Evolution

Radars are usually shown as large dish rotating antennas. However, newer radars move their radio beams electronically. This is not easy to accomplish as it requires an accuracy of one billionth of a second. Having done that, CUST’s achievement is nothing short of phenomenal, at least on a national level.

Professor Aamer Iqbal Bhatti and his former PhD student from a government organization worked out the plan for designing and developing a a prototype for the Phased Array Radar at CUST. The government organization approved the funding and the professor assembled a team to undertake this project.

Project History and Details

In the next few years, the professor with the help of his team designed the radar system and assigned the subsystems of the radar to various experts. Dr Inam Ilahi Rana of Bismillah Electronics, considered a legend on microwaves (the ones from the electromagnetic spectrum, not the appliance) undertook the microwave subsystem of the radar.

A new company in the field of signal processing, called Renzym, worked on the signal processing module of the Phase Array Radar.

Because of regime changes the project did not get support from sponsors. Subsequently it faced financial problems as well but the Professor and his students managed to keep the project going.

First Field Test at Mohammad Ali Jinnah University

The first field test was conducted at the rooftop of Mohammad Ali Jinnah University in 2011. The test was successful but it failed to solve the financial problems that plagued the project. Bismillah Electronics and Renzym did not back off on the project despite the problems and the project continued.

The circuits and signal processing modules were ready by 2016 and required testing. The sponsor for the project provided a good testing team that worked for a whole year with the Professor and his project partners. The work has finally concluded and the project is ready.

The Phase Array Radar will help Pakistan Army, Pakistan Air Force and Pakistan Navy. It will be able to benefit other interested and relevant parties as well.

A techie, Overwatch and Street Fighter enthusiast, and Sub Editor at ProPakistani.

  • Bilal Majeed

    Congrats…….with mass production of this;less dependence on imported radars which are particularly less secure

    • Taha Najam

      I really hope you don’t believe a garage experiment is more reliable than an internationally renowned brand unit?

      • Muhammad Abrar Ali

        Like Apple Fan Boy Vs QMobile LoLxxx :p

        • Jam Aun

          Abrar Ali ap ko kis chez ka complex khae ja rha ha ? thora bht parh lien k chez kia ha aur kis ny bnai ha aur us bndy ka kitna nam ha field maen !! phr ap apny tajzye p nazr sanni krye ga :)

          • Muhammad Abrar Ali

            I Know k Awaam ko Kesy Ullu Bna rhi hai (Apple)

            Samsung se aur doosri companies se Cheezen Banwa k Thabbuu Aap Logo se Leta hai aap log Buy kr k fakhar kro


            And Yes I know whats inside of iPhone LoLxxx

            • Jam Aun

              bhai jan yahan pr baat iphone ki nae ho rhi ,ap k comparison p ho rhi ha k ap aik pakistani achievement ko bahar k “internationally renowned brand” sy compare kr rhy haen ,khch ap is bndy p ko reserch kren, is trah osko fraud Qmobile ya Apple tactics sy compare mt kren

              • Muhammad Abrar Ali

                Acha paee tu haarya mein jeeta Ab Khush :p

              • Ali Salman

                @muhammad Abrar Ali

                Team which worked on Ghori missile had to hear same comments from a Navy officer when team was testing missile launch.

                “is it from North Korea, ”
                ” ye China wala ha na ”

                After that what happened.. In short naval officer had to apologize, these civilian engineers of NDC worked day and night to make it a reality.

                Behind these comments is basically jealousy, we can’t see any other Pakistani country and nation can be proud of.

      • Jam Aun

        Taha Najam do you have any prior experience in field of Radar or anything else ?? if not then keep your *INTELLIGENT* opinion with yourself. btw do some research on Dr Aamer Bhatti and their team before dishonoring their accomplishments :)

        • Taha Najam

          How does a degree in BE Electrical from Pakistan’s best university sound? Though I’ll profess I got a D in Signal Processing. Never liked the subject. Or the lecturer.

          So let me ask you again. Do you really believe a garage experiment is more reliable than an internationally renowned brand unit? And don’t think I’m undermining the efforts of the people who worked on this project. Just being realistic. Commercial brands have had years to perfect their systems, while this team is still at stage 1.

          • Raja G

            youtube started from a garage :)

            • Shahid Saleem

              Youtube did not bring any unusual innovation. They just had web site + video processing . It costs practically no more than a few hours or days (depending on skill) of your time to set up a simple youtube clone using existing free software. Use free ffmpeg, you can download it yourself.

              • Ali Salman

                Salute to your intellect. Today youtube can literally pay off your entire debt, can sponsor millions of projects, this wasn’t an innovation but do you remember time before youtube? May be when you were born you started watching YouTube.

                • Shahid Saleem

                  I used internet before Netscape Navigator existed. Sadly I am an old man.

                  So yes, I do know a bit about innovation.

                • Jam Aun

                  @Ali Salman:disqus bs choren , bhai sahab ny tu full stop lga dia ye keh kr k youtube few hours maen bn jae gi idr sy pta lg jata ha k is awam k lye agha waqar best ha :-D
                  @shahidsaleem:disqus bs krdo yar bs krdo #jackofallmasterofnone !!

                  • Shahid Saleem

                    If you go to an experienced and good web developer and give them a list of things needed for Youtube, they will give you similar estimate. Look at the requirements:

                    – large storage space (just use S3 or GCS)
                    – video encoding (just use lots of EC2 instances and autoscaling and ffmpeg)
                    – storing comments and likes of videos (any database can do that, even don’t need NoSQL for scaling)
                    – web frontend to display things (easy peasy)

                    It is a solved problem. There is no magic here. 100% free software can get you to scale from 1 to 100k users within a few days. Biggest problem is just how much you are willing to pay for hosting.

                    • Jam Aun

                      @shahidsaleem:disqus storiyaen nae lgao mjy web sites ki ,galat jagah phasy ho time sy nikl lo :-D maen aik software engineer houn aur hmri company engineering products p kam krti ha ,Pakistan maen aik hi office ha bakki 56 countries maen bussiness ha baki ap hi google krna
                      is lye maen dobara kahon ga mjy frontend aur NoSQL ki storiyaen mt lgao ,mjy achi trah andaza ha

                    • Shahid Saleem

                      Whatever you say, man. Your experience is out of date if you think a team of 2-3 people cannot build equivalent of Youtube to deal with 100k users.

                      You really seem to know nothing about cloud offerings of Google or Amazon, let alone Alibaba Cloud

                    • Jam Aun

                      100k user? Knsi dunya maen rehty ho? YouTube p daily millions of users interact kr rhy hoty haen kisi na kisi trah, or bhai jan YouTube k apny data center haen sirf matawarn (cloud) sy kam nae chalaty lol, jaan dyo #babajee tm sy na ho pae ga

                    • Shahid Saleem

                      Yes, Youtube has millions of users. But I said “Youtube clone”. Not Youtube. And with cloud solutions these days it is very easy to scale out, and the only “hard” problem is encoding videos at scale. That’s only because it’s the costliest part of the problem (CPU intensive). Like I said, depends highly on what you are willing to pay for hosting.

                      But the encoding software? The database? All the backend infrastructure? The CDNs to distribute content? Solved Problem. Can be done by a team of 2 or 3 people easily.

                      To put it in perspective, at the time Instagram was bought by Facebook, their engineering team only had six people. That was years ago. There’s more software available now, and more options.

                      But of course, requirement is they don’t stop to visit facebook every few minutes or trade barbs with “i can’t IMAGINE how to do it so it’s impossible” people like you.

                      Your lack of basic reading skills will be a problem for you as you advance through life and especially at your career at Bentley. Start working on that today.

                    • Jam Aun

                      Yar ap YouTube ka clone bnao jo dil maen aae kro, jb krlo gy tb phr hm apki achievements p falto nukta cheeni kren gy aur ap sy feedback ly gy k ap ko koi feel hoa!! Abi apka waqt shuru hoa chahta ha 6-8-10 din ly lo phr dekhin gy kitny paani maen ho aur kahan tk pouchny, chlen abi ap kam p lgen bht kam krna ha apko (keep me posted jb khch bny)

                    • Shahid Saleem

                      Nah, man. Your ego is hurt enough already. Wouldn’t want to hurt it any more.

                      Why don’t you go back to your bootstrap pages and try to fix the grid to work on my phone? It’s all you can do. Work at your level, I’ll work at mine.

                      PS: google for “aerospike propakistani”

                    • Jam Aun

                      Bry shodaay bndy ho yar tm hoshiyari sy baaz nae aaty, izat utrawny k shoqeen lgty ho!! maen bootstrap p kam nae krta houn na hi droid dev lykin still mjy dono ka pta ha!! Itny bry fankar hoty tu koi naam hota koi tmra kamm hota lykin tm idr comments maen khoar ho rhy ho, dard tu tmy tbhi shuru ho gia tha jb tm ny prha k kisi kabil bndy ny khch achieve kia ha aur wahin sy tmy esy marorr uthy k abi tk roo rhy ho, meds lo yaaar tybyt ziada khrab ho tu doctor sy rjo krna :-*

                    • Shahid Saleem

                      but you don’t understand — i have nothing to prove to you. you’re a nobody who has done nothing. i don’t need your approval in any matter of my life.

                      sorry about the ego, lol.

                    • Jam Aun

                      tmhry koi achievement ha hi nae proof deny k lye tm bs baaton k sheer ho aur tmri baatien aksr chal b jati houn gi lykin tmri bad luck k tmra wasta pra mjh sy , mjy sary background ka pta tha project ka phr tm aa gae CS p wo aur bura hoa tmry sath k maen CS ka bnda ,ab tm sirf apni frustration km krna chahty ho kisi bhi trah sy lykin still tm zaleel comments maen ho rhy ho :-D P.S jin chezon ka idea nae hota tu udr talk facking* sy prhaiz kia kro bht jald afaaqa hoga

                    • Shahid Saleem

                      but my achievements are for me, not for you, bootstrapwala. again, poor ego, thinking you have anything over me.

                    • Jam Aun

                      trolling b nae kr skty ,zindgi maen khch kia b nae abi tk , umar ha k bht si guzar chuki kia faida tmry jesy dharti p bojh ka ? aur khch nae tu koi chota mota short course kr lo kia mou dikhae gy jb kahin jao gy :-D :-D kesy tmri atmaa ko chain aae gy ?

                    • Xavron K.

                      oh bhai main apni education ko agg laga doon kiya? kyun rola hai hai bhai akhir kiya begara hai. net cafe to nhe chalaty rahe kahen bhai tum? kyun kay asa experience ase logon ka bhi ho jata hai. bhai jaan. bhai jaan youtube kay apny data center hain. bazurgon codecanyon kay scripts say bhai ajo jinab dil na dukhao aur.

                    • Shahid Saleem

                      So many words from someone who can’t exactly pinpoint why it can’t be done.

                      It can be done. But not with your attitude.

              • Xavron B

                Bazurg Bachay YOUTUBE ffmpeg say bahut agy ki chez hai. Paistani chez ki qader nhe kerni na kero us ko necha dikhany kay leye youtube ko tu 6 hrs ka project na banao. toba hai Allah log kitna girtay hain apni baat ko sach manwany kay leye.

          • Haider

            ask yur self a basic question how did the branded products came into being and u will be surprised by the answer , and before u answer this i suggest u take a deep look into companies and brands and how they started, and yes garage products can be far far superior than any other,

          • Jam Aun

            bhai jan ap bachlors haen ,hadd 4-6 courses dekhy houn gy jnab ny prly bndy ki ap ki umar sy ziada “international” renowned publications haen,us ny 4-6 saal lga k local chez bnai ha jis k final approval ap dien gy qn k ap BE hen pakistan best university k.
            Baki commericial brands apky mamo k b nae jo hmen latest utha dien gy, hm log abi bhi F-16 overhaul kranway k lye requestain krty phir rhy haen aur “international/commercial” brands F-35 ura rhy haen

          • Eqbal Khan

            You have zero experience. Your D grade in the subject tells all. Furthermore, you are suffering from inferiority complex that cannot be cured by these comments. Seek Psychological help.

            • Taha Najam

              Oops. Looks like I triggered a bunch of zealots lacking common sense. Resorting to personal attacks, and I’m the one who suffers from inferiority complex lmao. Careful there now, just don’t burst a nerve.

              • Jam Aun

                personal choren , jb ap koi aik latest chez bnaen gy tu maen apko keh k propakistani maen publish krwaon ga jb tk ap khch krty nae haen tb tk ap CHUP kr k beth jae ap ka bht bht shkria

                • Shahid Saleem

                  Said the person who has done nothing either. Yawn.

                  • Jam Aun

                    wah kia entry mari ha ap ny!! ann dekh masiha sabit hoe ap tou , baki apko saafi deny ka mera ziada mood nae lykin apko btata chlon maen MAJU GRADUATE houn aur maen ny Dr bhatti ko kamm krty dekha ha ,uski qualifications bhi pta haen baki apko google ka istamal ata ho tu udr sy dekhye ga Imperial College of London 25th RANK in all World wahan sy us bndy ki taleem ha , ap awam ki trah bolta nae phirta #TOP #Univeristy#of #Pakistan ,ya tu aik chez na bni ho, fake ho, ya drama ho phir tu apki nukta cheeni bnti ha LYKIN sirf or sirf apki zidd or hatt dharmi ha ye jis p ap bywaja behs krty chly ja rhy haen

                    • Shahid Saleem

                      a long comment by someone who still has done nothing.

                    • Jam Aun

                      bhai jan ap k atom bomb maen credits mj sy miss ho gae wo tu dobara dikha dien :/

                    • Jam Aun

                      @shahidsaleem:disqus han atom bomb agr bna bhi lia ha tu kia faida ?? wo tu phly sy bn gae haen hm wo bhi kisi latest model ka lyty haen international brand sy !! kia kehty ho ?

                    • Shahid Saleem

                      i don’t know. you tell me, what were you expecting taha najam to make that you commented about his achievements?

                      similarly, anyone can comment about your achievements (or lack of…)

                    • Jam Aun

                      comment krna aur shyd garge experiment kehny maen farq ha itni smjh tu apko bhi ha !! ya phir nae ha i don’t know …@shahidsaleem:disqus

                    • Jam Aun

                      bry ho jao @shahidsaleem:disqus har jagah rolla nae daal dety koi achi chez hoti nazar aae tu appreciate kr dia kro over the time osi sy mazed improvements houn gi ye is kahani ka moral lesson ha :-*
                      baki @tahanajam:disqus tm dost apny grades behtr kro phir tmhri nokri maen lgawa doun ga kahin taziya nagar ki, nae tu tm esy local hi reh jao gy :-* :-*

                    • Shahid Saleem

                      “koi achi chez hoti nazar aae tu appreciate kr dia kro”

                      yeah but they’re not coming from you.

                    • Jam Aun

                      @shahidsaleem:disqus hurt qn hoty ho bachy :-* ?? kia hoa ? tang krty haen ? :-D :-D ??

                    • Shahid Saleem

                      hurt? me, hurt by you? that’s not even remotely possible.

                    • Jam Aun

                      @shahidsaleem:disqus hurt nae hoe tu phir qn izat ka masla bna k beth gae ho ? tmhen khch bola b nae tha tum darmyan maen phudakk pry ,tm personal hoe bethy ho tb sy !!! thandy ho jao bachy ho jati ha kbi kbi :-* :-*

                    • Shahid Saleem

                      I don’t know why you’re complaining. You were personal with Taha, I retorted to you and now you’re writing paragraphs after paragraphs about how hurt I am.

                      Seems pretty obvious it is your ego that is brused.

                    • Jam Aun

                      @tahanajam:disqus give that man a medal ,is ny tmhy bchaya lykin badly maen khd bechara hurt ho gia ,is lye kehty haen k jb do bndy baat kr rhy houn tu @shahidsaleem:disqus darmayan maen nae phudukty :-* chlo shabash ab kahani khtm :-)

                    • Taha Najam

                      Holy effin batman. This comment thread.

                      Dude, you need to get a life. Like seriously.

                    • Ali Salman

                      What a coincidence, I’m at one facility of Imperial College at the moment.

            • Shahid Saleem

              You seem confident. Can you describe your experience getting something complicated like this radar from a design + test to successful launch in the market?


              I guess you have zero experience too.

          • M Waseem Akhtar

            You are right but its a good start for Pakistan where technical education is limited to book reading only.
            I myself is an engineer but most of the time I find my engineering degree just a piece of paper which helped me to get job only.

          • Xavron K.

            steve Job started his Apple company in a Garage.

      • Bilal Majeed

        Indigenous radar are safer for security reasons so for the time being we can keep using both locally built(such as this) and imported ones until our own’s quality and production standards are onpar with the other renowned brands and until we have developed them significantly hence gradually replacing the imported ones

      • Shahid Saleem

        A **successful** garage experiment is the first step towards a goal. The goal is not the experiment.

      • Ahmed Virani

        You are dealing with devices that are of utmost importance for national security

        if we can produce a good enough workable version of technology, its better to try to implement it at least in phased manner

        who knows the radars are sending data to US pentagon

        like android and apple share data with CIA

  • Abu Zaid

    Author has really low expectations from his readers

    …considered a legend on microwaves (the ones from the electromagnetic spectrum, not the appliance) undertook ….

    • Shahid Saleem

      I just want to know why ever single article I have read about this calls him a legend. What makes a Pakistani a legend in a field that has been around for 50+ years?

  • Reality

    Not a single design/working/physical spec given.just bunch of words. In research field such article is not acceptable for public news.

    • adeel asif

      Usually they are secret if used by forces.

  • Dactar Sahab

    Dr. Inam Ilahi Rana from UET/SUPARCO/Bismillah Electronics. MashaAllah a great teacher and a living legend. Had the honour of studying from him in UET as a student, working with him as a Lab Engineer while in UET and then working with him in SUPARCO.

    • Reality


  • Abdul basit

    Simply feel proud reading these articles but one thing just clicks in my mind why RND is not funded ,why these people have to face shortage of funds
    The collection of our taxes are looted and not spend in these works
    My blood just boils!!!!!!!!!

  • Nadeem Khan

    A Great efford by our heroes
    hats off
    I request Airforce
    army and navy to encourage them and start producing it in Radar manufacturing facility to get enemy plane location and their movements phased array radars are pivotal so must produce and deploy it
    Pakistan zindabad

  • Muneeb Usmani

    40 years late but honestly glad that atleast we made one ourselves :) I hope this paves the way for new and faster research. we have a lot of catching up to do.

  • Abbas Syed Asif Abbas

    Our Government should start investing upon R&D so that Millions of Dollars could be saved.

    • saqib

      Humari govt yehi tou chahti nai kay Millions of $ bachain… Govt tou chahti hai kay Millions lag jain aur humara hisa side pay nikal aye… agar Millions ya billions bach gaye tou in say un ko kya faida hoga?

  • Waseem Abbas

    I am not sure about the work done by the team, but the article writer really need to learn how to write a technical article.
    It might be a good indigenous research, it might be a solution to indigenous Pakistani problem regarding security, but the article sounds like its just another coy of the sorts of water-fuel based engine

  • It is 40 years old technology. Now is the era of AERA and ESM radars. But will be good if they can upgrade it in future.

  • Faheem Ahmed