The tensions between the arch-rivals, Pakistan and India, are on the rise ever since the Pulwama incident.
The past couple of days have been particularly alarming as any miscalculation could have resulted in all-out war between the two nuclear-armed nations.
While Pakistan has extended an offer for peace multiple times, Indian government is still more interested in baseless rhetoric to win the upcoming election.
In an unprecedented move, Pakistani Prime Minister, Imran Khan announced the release of captured Indian Air Force Wing Commander Abhinandan.
It is now up to India to deescalate the tensions.
However, with Narendra Modi in charge of the Indian government and aiming to get another 5 years in power, using the situation for political gains is pretty much on the cards.
Wars are never good and nuclear ones can have a devastating impact on the environment in addition to the death toll and humanitarian crisis. However, the damage isn’t limited to the countries involved in such a war and its effects are far more widespread and could impact the whole world and kill billions of people (excluding the ones killed during the war) of starvation.
The Impact on Environment
A small-scale nuclear war can cause calamitous global cooling, reversing the current global warming trends, according to NASA scientists.
It will not only affect those directly in the blast radius but everyone throughout the world. A dramatic effect on climate would result from a regional nuclear war involving 100 Hiroshima-size bombs.
The impact was studied through NASA climate models. Note that this report was published in 2011, a time when the two bordering countries had stiff relations.
The smoke, resulting from the bombs, would inject 5 megatons of black carbon into the upper troposphere where it would absorb solar heat and the soot would take much longer to disappear from the sky. In the first three years, this would cause a temperature drop of 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit and then to 2.25 F before increasing back again. Even after 10 years, the temperatures would be 0.9 F lower than normal.
Experts suggest that it will take about two weeks for the smoke to cover the entire earth, rising to altitudes of 20-50 miles above the surface. The smoke would stay there for years and it wouldn’t rain. Farmers, even in Europe or America, would lose 10-40% yields of corn, wheat, and rice for years because of the bad weather afterward.
Another study says that the temperatures would drop below ice age conditions, civilization will be destroyed and an estimated 90% population of the world would die of starvation as no crops would grow.
The sudden climate change would mean lesser precipitation, lower solar radiations, and cooler temperatures, disrupting agriculture all across the globe, potentially resulting in famine in parts of the world.
The entire world has enough food for the entire population for only 60 days unless agriculture produces more food.
So, do you actually want to see a war? Think again.
Featured Image via Beyond Science TV