The government borrowed $5.688 billion from multiple financing sources in the first half (July-December) of 2020-21 compared to $5.915 billion during the same period of last year, the Economic Affairs Division (EAD) revealed.
The $5.688 billion is 46 percent of total budgeted external loans of $12.233 billion for the entire fiscal year 2020-21. The external inflows during the corresponding period (July-December) of the fiscal year 2019-20 were $5.915 billion which were also around (46 percent) of the annual budgeted amount of $12.958 billion.
The total receipt of $5.688 billion constitutes $1.634 billion or 29 percent as program budgetary support assistance; $2.054 billion (36 percent) as borrowing from foreign commercial banks; and $754 million (13 percent) as project assistance to finance development projects and $246 million (4 percent) as commodity financing while $1 billion (18 percent) was received as safe deposits from China.
According to the data, the government procured $2.056 billion loans from foreign commercial banks during July-December 2020. The data also reflects $1 billion of safe China deposits.
The bilateral and multilateral development partners disbursed $2.633 billion during the period under review (July-December) 2020 against the budgetary allocation of $5.811 billion for the fiscal year 2020-21.
Among the multilateral development partners, Asian Development Bank (ADB) provided $1.120 billion and the World Bank disbursed $744 million against the budgetary allocation of $2.257 billion. While from bilateral sources, France, the USA, and China provided $34.3 million, $70.5 million, and $95.4 million respectively.
According to the EAD data during the first six months of the current financial year, the total servicing of external public debt was $2.924 billion against the annual repayment estimates of $10.363 billion for the entire fiscal year.
During July- November 2020-21, the government settled $1.546 billion of foreign commercial loans. For the period July- November 2020-21, net transfers to the government were $1.946 billion. Positive net transfers came mainly due to higher inflows from multilateral development partners and due to $1 billion of time safe deposit from China.
According to EAD, the stock of external loans that was obtained on market-based instruments has increased by $187 million and the share of concessional external loans with longer maturity increased by $760 million.