According to WikiLeaks, Pakistan is part of the Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA). Currently being negotiated away from public eyes between the US, EU and 23 countries that make up two thirds of the world’s GDP, it has the potential to alter the service economy across the world.
According to an analysis of the core text (which you can see for yourself here), the idea behind the trade agreement is to limit the ability of member governments to regulate national services. Foreign corporations would have an alarming amount of freedom to conduct business and we could see privatization of services across the globe on an unprecedented level.
The trade agreement aims to limit the ability of governments to regulate national services, giving corporations more control than ever
What’s even more staggering about the TiSA is that it is being negotiated in secret and the final text is going to remain secret for 5 years after it’s passed. Overall, it’s part of three major agreements being negotiated in secret: the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), TiSA and Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP).
They have the potential to “form not only a new legal order shaped for transnational corporations, but a new economic ‘grand enclosure’, which excludes China and all other BRICS countries”, according to Wikileaks. As such, they’ve been subject to intense scrutiny and criticism for the secrecy and lack of public consultation during the negotiation phase.
The public won’t have access to the text of the agreement until 5 years after TiSA is passed
In his expert analysis, University of Auckland law professor Jane Kelsey, says this about TiSA:
“A self-selected group of mainly rich countries” plans to “bypass other governments in the World Trade Organization (WTO) and rewrite its services agreement in the interests of their corporations.
Major Points in the TiSA:
Here are the major points from the TiSA. The list is by no means comprehensive but I’ve made an attempt to cover the most prominent points. The overarching goal seems to be privatization and deregulation of core services.
- Governments have to sign away their rights to choose local service providers in areas like broadcasting, education, electricity and sanitation. The influence of small local businesses will be limited while more power will be granted to corporations.
- Reforms to liberalize trade in all sectors including banking, financial, e-commerce, health, transport, and consulting. These would impact all levels of government including federal and provincial.
- Government input in economic activities like setting size and growth limits will be restricted. This will also impact banks.
- Foreign companies would no longer be accountable to the countries in which they operate. They will have no responsibility to provide any social or developmental benefits their service could have.
- There is a huge emphasis on reducing government intervention, control and oversight on the cross border movement of anything related to services and capital. Capital control measures can’t be passed even if there is deficit in the national balance of payments.
- E-commerce could be affected with provisions that violate net neutrality as well as data privacy.
In light of the revelations, we would like the government of Pakistan to enlighten us as to what exactly we are getting out of participating in the TiSA. Services comprise 53% of our economy and the TiSA will have a major impact how they are conducted. Why are we negotiating a secret deal that could move us away from being self sufficient?
Future governments could find it is impossible to restore public services to public control, even in cases where private service delivery has failed. It would also restrict a government’s ability to regulate key sectors including financial, energy, telecommunications and cross-border data flows.- PSI Special Report
Negotiations have been ongoing since early 2013 and they are set to resume on July 6. The time is ripe for us to raise our collective voices and get some answers.
TISA would expand deregulatory ‘trade’ rules written under the advisement of large banks before the financial crisis, requiring domestic laws to conform to the now-rejected model of extreme deregulation that led to global recession. —Ben Beachy, Public Citizen’s Global Trade Watch
If you are more interested in TiSA and its impact, TISA vs Public Services by PSI (Special Report) and Why “Trade in Services Agreement” (TISA) is dangerous to democracy, development, and the public interest? by Our World is Not for Sale are well worth reading.