PMA Issues Alert as XDR Typhoid Cases Continue to Increase

The number of Extensively Drug Resistant (XDR) Typhoid cases is rising day by day. The outbreak has reached an alarming level in Sindh.

Pakistan Medical Association (PMA) has called the general public to adopt basic hygiene practices to avoid infections and illness. It has also recommended some precautionary measures in this regard.

The PMA advised the use of boiled water for drinking and washing vegetables, fruits, and utensils. The precautionary measures also include washing hands before and after eating, and after using the toilet. Moreover, the association has asked the public to avoid dining out and using ice of unknown origin.


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A press release issued in this regard states, “People should avoid self-medication, and visit only qualified doctors, in case medical assistance is required. Hakeem/homeopaths and other health providers should not prescribe an antibiotic medicine.”

More than 8,000 XDR typhoid cases have been reported in Sindh. Most of the cases have been reported from Karachi, followed by Hyderabad, Sanghar, and the adjacent districts.

The presser further states, “The infection caused by bacterium Salmonella Typhi spreads through contaminated food and water. Its symptoms include high-grade fever, weakness, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, headache, cough, and loss of appetite.”



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