IT Ministry has proposed a National Disaster Telecommunications Plan for the provision and use of telecommunications services before, during, and after a national disaster in National Broadband policy.
According to the proposed plan, these services will be provided during each phase of a disaster. It will comprise of the services to be provided in the disaster-hit areas and the services to be provided in other areas to closed user groups and to the general public. The services to be provided will be a subset of those normally available from a licensee. A catalog of critical telecommunications elements to be available at times of emergency. Moreover, the terminal devices connecting to telecommunication networks will need to be traceable within a reasonable distance of the actual location to facilitate the provision of emergency services.
According to this document telecom service providers, CMOs should keep themselves ready all the time for any type of emergency and disaster and additional arrangements to be made for the restoration of basic services in minimum time during an emergency or disaster. A process to be followed for the urgent replacement of critical infrastructure including obligations on suppliers of such infrastructure.
During national disasters a process to be followed by the ministry, PTA, and other institutions to liaise with licensees about the reconfiguration of their networks and services to provide the specified services and for returning networks and services to their commercial state. Related internal processes are for individual licensees to develop.
According to this plan, the federal government in consultation with PTA will assess the national and provincial requirements for critical telecommunications infrastructure and services. In this respect, relevant government departments and provincial governments will be consulted. PTA, in conjunction with the NDMA and in consultation with licensees, will develop regulations and licensees will adopt regulations that apply when a regional or national emergency has been declared by the government or a provincial government in the legally required manner to promulgate the plan.
According to the policy, having promulgated the necessary regulations and periodically thereafter, PTA will require licensees to audit and test their individual national disaster plans and processes. PTA in conjunction with NDMA may periodically require licensees to participate in National exercises to test overall disaster management processes and plans.
During the Murree disaster it was observed that despite the declaration of emergency in Murree telecommunication services remained suspended in some areas for a few days and CMOs were blaming MoIT and PTA of non-corporation. PTA also wrote letters and contacted IESCO and WAPDA for restoration of power in critically hit areas where telecommunication services were also disturbed. The experts think that this national plan will be helpful during any emergency or disaster in the future as it sets sops during a national disaster.
National broadband policy draft has been prepared by the ministry of IT. It is open for consultation after which it will be sent to the federal government for approval.