All You Need to Know About the Falling Auto Sales in Pakistan in 2018-19

The auto-sector of Pakistan is the prime example of stringent economic policies and an overall halting economy as sales took a nosedive with a 42% plunge in units sold in July 2019 when compared to July 2018 as only 12,482 units were sold in the former compared to 21,344.

According to experts, there are multiple reasons for this including the sustained rise in car prices in the last year alone, the implementation of the federal excise duty in the budget for the current fiscal year and increase in fuel cost.

The downward trend was across the board with all three companies; Honda, Suzuki and Toyota performing poorly. Honda Atlas Cars saw a staggering 66% plunge on a year-on-year basis. Indus motor saw the biggest year-on-year fall in sales in the past five years according to a Topline Securities’ report.

It added, “The significant attrition in volumes is mainly due to 57% year-on-year decline in sales of its Corolla variant, which is generally considered high in demand.”

Number of Units sold by each Company
July-19 July-18 YoY MoM
Suzuki 8,375 10,895 -23% -12%
Toyota 2,413 5,468 -56% -55%
Honda 1,694 4,981 -66% -34%
Total 12,482 21,344 -42% -29%
Three Wheelers and Motorbikes
July-19 July-18 YoY MoM
Honda 80,005 90,009 -11% -7%
Suzuki 1,614 1,901 -15% -10%
SAZEW (three-wheeler) 585 1,468 -60% -59%
Others 25,223 57,286 -56% -17%
Total 107,427 150,664 -29% -10%
Tractors
July-19 July-18 YoY MoM
Millat 1,938 3,006 -36% -29%
AGTL 1,122 814 38% 29%
Orient 29 52 -44% 81%
Total 3,089 3,872 -20% -15%
Trucks and Buses
July-19 July-18 YoY MoM
Hino 140 260 -46% 0%
Master 77 134 -43% 7%
Isuzu 308 300 3% 54%
Total 525 694 -24% 27%

 

Here is the breakdown of units sold by each company with regards to each model:

Number of models sold by each Company
July-19 July-18 YoY June-19 MoM
Honda Atlas
Honda (Civic & City) 1,452 4,609 -68% 2,106 -31%
BR-V 242 372 -35% 452 -46%
Total 1,694 4,981 -66% 2,558 -34%
Toyota Indus
Corolla 1,981 4,566 -57% 4,406 -55%
Fortuner 74 220 -66% 193 -62%
Hilux 358 682 -48% 747 -52%
Total 2,413 5,468 -56% 5,346 -55%
Pak Suzuki
Swift 174 484 -64% 562 -69%
Cultus 1,208 1,661 -27% 988 22%
Wagon-R 843 2,772 -70% 2,626 -68%
Mehran 394 3,437 -89% 1,052 -63%
Bolan 332 1,346 -75% 1,342 -75%
Alto 4,584 0 N/A 1,685 172%
Ravi 840 1,195 -30% 1,309 -36%
Total 8,375 10,895 -23% 9,564 -12%

 

Things are equally bad on the production side as there was a 16.19% drop in the production of light commercial vehicles (LCVs) during the first eleven months of the financial year 2018-2019 as compared to the production during the same period of the financial year before.

The data released by the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS), shows that during July-May 2018-2019 over 22,777 LCVs were manufactured while in July-May 2017-2018 around 27,178 units were produced.

In this same timeframe, the manufacturing of cars and jeeps fell by 5.32%, from 214,904 units last year to 203,474 units.

Motorcycles also saw their production fall by 12.52%, from 2,606,326 units last year to 2,279,925 units. Likewise, there was a 32.43% fall in the production of trucks to 5,773 units from 8,544 units and tractors saw their production drop from 67,371 units to 46,344 units – a 31.21% decrease.

Interestingly, buses saw their production rise by 16.11% in this timeframe as it jumped to 829 units from 714 units. The production of LCVs fell by 35.81% on a year-on-year basis to 1,323 units in May 2019 from 2,061 units in May 2018.

As per data, the production of jeeps and cars decreased by 31.09%, from 18,227 units in May 2018 to 12,561 in May 2019, while the manufacturing of motorcycles fell by 18.63%, from 250,508 units to 203,826 units.

Tractors also saw their production plunge by 53.22% falling from 6,870 units in May 2018 to 3,214 units in May 2019. While trucks also fell from 808 units in May 2018 to 335 units in May 2019 but the manufacturing of buses rose by 42.42%, from 66 units to 94 units.

It is important to point out that the overall production of large scale manufacturing industries (LSMI) during the first 11 months of FY19 fell by 3.5% as compared to the same period of last year.

On a year-on-year basis, the LSMI production fell by 3.78% during the month of May 2019 as compared to May 2018. On a month-on-month basis, it plunged by 7.97% when compared with April 2019.


  • This is brilliant , car sales and manufacturing is dropping. Whatever the reason, these fat cats will come to their sense. These vehicle assemblers have sucked enough blood from ordinary people and sent profits abroad. Price of HONDA/Suzuki/Toyota is beyond imagination and are pure TIN TIN TIN quality

    • The auto trade is a grey area in Pakistan which consequently shunted off to FATF on the country. It has to be overhauled to the legitimacy/reality of today which are compliances to the multi-laterals. From the licensing regime, to UN Road Safety compliance in autos imported and assembled locally none are valid. The roads have no space for pedastrians to cross the roads. There’s no bicycle track an essential need for the Road Safety in Pakistan. Please put some bicycles on the main roads and show how safe are they to drive here alongwith the necessary infrastructure.

  • I think falling sales owing to higher prices of vehicles due to currency depreciation should encourage these companies to fully localise the vehicle production if they are to survive in Pakistani market.


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