The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Pakistan have signed an agreement to expand support for the National Disaster Risk Management Fund (NDRMF), increasing financing for natural disaster risk reduction and preparedness.
Under the agreement, the Government of Norway will provide $5 million to NDRMF from the unused resources of the Pakistan Earthquake Fund. Norway’s assistance for NDRMF will be administered by ADB.
Secretary of Pakistan’s Economic Affairs Division Syed Pervaiz Abbas, Ambassador of Norway to Pakistan Kjell-Gunnar Eriksen, and the Director-General of ADB’s Strategy, Policy, and Partnerships Department Mr. Tomoyuki Kimura signed the agreement.
NDRMF was approved in 2016 to provide support in the immediate aftermath of disasters and to invest in disaster mitigation projects in Pakistan. ADB provided the initial financing through a $200 million loan while the Government of Australia contributed a $3.4 million grant. In 2018, the Swiss Agency for Development provided a $1.5 million grant and technical assistance via the secondment of disaster risk finance experts.
NDRMF is currently fully operational, financing up to 70% of the cost of eligible projects that enhance Pakistan’s resilience to climate change and other natural hazards. It is structured as a nonprofit, government-owned company incorporated with the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan.
In the last 15 years, Pakistan lost 85,000 people—including more than 26,000 children— and suffered substantial economic losses due to various natural disasters. The government, as well as the affected people, had limited capacity and resources to recover. NDRMF was established to finance projects aimed at mitigating disaster risks, while also developing and piloting disaster risk financing instruments in Pakistan for fiscal risk transfer.
Norway has offered significant financial and technical support to Pakistan including good governance, education, health, and emergency assistance. Norway worked with ADB and other partners to help Pakistan swiftly rebuild and recover from the 2005 earthquake. Following heavy floods that devastated large parts of Pakistan in 2010 and 2011, Norway provided more than $56.4 million in aid for flood-affected families and to restore basic services.